Welcome to the Advanced Angular HTTP Techniques section! In this section, we will delve into the powerful world of advanced HTTP techniques within the Angular framework. By mastering these techniques, you'll be able to handle API requests and responses more efficiently and effectively, creating seamless user experiences in your Angular applications.

Throughout this section, we will cover three essential topics: Using the HttpClient to make API requests and handle responses, working with interceptors to modify HTTP requests and responses, and utilizing RxJS to handle complex asynchronous scenarios.

By the end of this section, you will possess the knowledge and skills to implement advanced HTTP techniques effectively. You'll be able to communicate with APIs, customize request and response behavior, and handle complex asynchronous operations like a pro.

Learning Outcomes:

  1. Understand how to use the Angular HttpClient module to make API requests and handle responses.
  2. Explore the power of interceptors to modify HTTP requests and responses for various use cases.
  3. Master RxJS to handle complex asynchronous scenarios and create more responsive applications.


  • Basic knowledge of Angular, including components, services, and basic HTTP integration, is required.
  • Familiarity with JavaScript/TypeScript is necessary to understand the code examples.

Getting Started with Angular HttpClient

Angular HttpClient is a powerful module that provides a straightforward way to interact with APIs and perform HTTP requests within Angular applications. It is a part of the '@angular/common/http' package and comes with a range of features that make handling API communications seamless.

With Angular HttpClient, you can send and receive data from RESTful APIs, web servers, and other remote resources. It simplifies the process of making HTTP requests and handling responses, making it an essential tool for developers working on data-driven Angular applications.

Making GET, POST, PUT, and DELETE Requests

Angular HttpClient supports various HTTP methods, allowing you to perform different types of requests:

  1. GET: Used to retrieve data from the server. It is commonly used to fetch information from APIs.
  2. POST: Used to submit data to the server. POST requests are often utilized to create new resources on the server.
  3. PUT: Used to update existing data on the server. It is commonly employed to modify resources.
  4. DELETE: Used to delete data from the server. DELETE requests remove resources from the server.

To make a request with HttpClient, you'll typically specify the HTTP method, the URL of the API or resource, and optionally include any request payload or parameters.

Handling Query Parameters and Request Headers

When interacting with APIs, it's common to include query parameters in the URL for filtering or pagination purposes. Angular HttpClient allows you to pass query parameters easily by including them in the request URL.

Example of making a GET request with query parameters:

import { HttpClient } from '@angular/common/http';

// ...

constructor(private http: HttpClient) {}

getUsers() {
  const params = { page: '1', per_page: '10' };
  return this.http.get('/api/users', { params });

Additionally, HttpClient provides a simple way to set custom headers for requests. Headers can be used for authentication, content negotiation, and other purposes.

Example of making a POST request with custom headers:

import { HttpClient, HttpHeaders } from '@angular/common/http';

// ...

constructor(private http: HttpClient) {}

createUser(user: any) {
  const headers = new HttpHeaders({ 'Content-Type': 'application/json' });
  return this.http.post('/api/users', user, { headers });

Parsing and Processing Response Data

When HttpClient receives a response from the server, it automatically parses the response data based on the content type. For example, if the response contains JSON data, HttpClient will parse it into a JavaScript object.

You can use the RxJS subscribe() method to handle the response data:

import { HttpClient } from '@angular/common/http';

// ...

constructor(private http: HttpClient) {}

getUsers() {
  return this.http.get('/api/users').subscribe((data: any) => {
    // Handle the data here

Error Handling and Handling Different HTTP Status Codes

Error handling is a crucial aspect of working with APIs. Angular HttpClient provides error handling capabilities through the subscribe() method's error callback.

Example of handling errors in a GET request:

import { HttpClient } from '@angular/common/http';

// ...

constructor(private http: HttpClient) {}

getUsers() {
  return this.http.get('/api/users').subscribe(
    (data: any) => {
      // Handle the data here
    (error: any) => {
      // Handle the error here

In addition to handling errors, it's essential to consider different HTTP status codes returned by the server. Status codes such as 200 (OK), 201 (Created), 204 (No Content), 400 (Bad Request), 401 (Unauthorized), etc., may indicate various outcomes of the request.

Working with Interceptors

Understanding Interceptors and Their Role in HTTP Requests and Responses

Interceptors in Angular's HttpClient module are powerful tools that allow you to intercept and modify HTTP requests and responses before they are sent to the server or delivered to your application. They act as middleware, providing a way to customize HTTP interactions globally for your entire application.

Interceptors are useful for a wide range of use cases, such as adding authentication tokens, handling caching, logging, modifying headers, and much more. They offer a centralized and reusable approach to apply specific behaviors consistently across your API interactions.

Creating and Registering Custom Interceptors

Creating a custom interceptor in Angular is straightforward. You need to implement the HttpInterceptor interface, which requires you to define the intercept() method. The intercept() method is where you can modify the request or response as needed.

Example of a custom interceptor:

import { Injectable } from '@angular/core';
import { HttpInterceptor, HttpRequest, HttpHandler, HttpEvent } from '@angular/common/http';
import { Observable } from 'rxjs';

export class MyInterceptor implements HttpInterceptor {
  intercept(request: HttpRequest<any>, next: HttpHandler): Observable<HttpEvent<any>> {
    // Modify the request or response here
    return next.handle(request);

Registering Interceptors

After creating a custom interceptor, you must register it with Angular's HTTP module to make it effective. You can do this by providing the interceptor as a multi-provider in your root module (usually the AppModule).

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