Angular - The Ultimate Walkthrough Learning Guide
What do you need to learn to become an Angular Master? The journey can feel overwhelming. The YouTube series can feel like it’s only covering the basics. That’s why I’ve created this Walkthrough Learning Guide to help you get started on your Angular journey. From zero to pro, these articles

In the modern era of web development, applications are expected to be highly responsive, seamlessly interactive, and adept at handling a multitude of asynchronous operations. This paradigm, aptly called 'Reactive Programming', offers a solution to these expectations. At the heart of this paradigm in the Angular ecosystem lies RxJS, a library for reactive programming using observables. It allows developers to craft elegant solutions to complex problems, making tasks like state management, data stream handling, and asynchronous programming not only feasible but efficient and scalable.

Angular, renowned for its comprehensive platform approach, harmoniously integrates with RxJS, providing developers with a cohesive environment to build dynamic, responsive applications. This tutorial aims to demystify the powerful duo of RxJS and Angular, guiding you through the intricacies of reactive programming within this framework.

Learning Outcomes:

By the conclusion of this tutorial, you will:

  • Have a solid grasp of reactive programming principles in the context of Angular.
  • Be equipped to utilize RxJS in addressing complex scenarios, particularly in state management and handling data streams.
  • Know how to architect observable-based services and components to optimize application responsiveness and user experience.


To make the most of this tutorial, it's recommended that you:

  • Possess a basic understanding of Angular and its core principles.
  • Have some familiarity with JavaScript ES6+ features, especially Promises and asynchronous operations.
  • Carry a foundational knowledge of general programming paradigms, particularly asynchronous programming.

Armed with this foundation, let's embark on this enlightening journey through the realm of reactive programming in Angular, powered by the capabilities of RxJS.

The Reactive Landscape in Angular

Angular, a popular framework for building web applications, has fully embraced the paradigm of reactive programming. This is evident in its use of RxJS, a library for reactive programming that uses Observables, to handle asynchronous data.

Angular’s adoption of reactive programming is primarily through its use of RxJS (Reactive Extensions for JavaScript). RxJS is a library that uses Observables to make it easier to compose asynchronous or callback-based code. This approach fits well with the event-driven model of user interfaces, which is why it’s become an integral part of Angular.

In Angular, you’ll see RxJS used in HTTP services and forms. For example, when you make an HTTP request in Angular, it returns an Observable. This Observable can be subscribed to, like this:

this.http.get('/api/data').subscribe(data => console.log(data));

In this code snippet, http.get returns an Observable. We then subscribe to this Observable, which allows us to react whenever data is emitted.

Benefits of reactive programming in Angular applications

Reactive programming in Angular applications brings several benefits:

  1. Easier asynchronous programming: Reactive programming with Observables can simplify the management of asynchronous data flows. It allows you to work with asynchronous data streams more naturally than callbacks or promises.
  2. Powerful operators: RxJS comes with a wide array of operators like map, filter, and reduce, which can be used to handle complex manipulations of data streams.
  3. Improved performance: By using Observables, you can delay expensive operations until they’re absolutely necessary, or even avoid them entirely if they’re not needed. This can lead to significant performance improvements in your Angular applications.
  4. Better user experience: By managing asynchronous data flows more efficiently, you can provide a smoother user experience. For example, you can easily implement features like auto-complete or debouncing user input.

Basics of RxJS

RxJS (Reactive Extensions for JavaScript) is a library for reactive programming using Observables that makes it easier to compose asynchronous or callback-based code.

Introduction to Observables, Observers, and Subscriptions

Observables are a new kind of object that can emit multiple values over time. They can emit zero or more values, and they can also signal that they are done or that an error has occurred.

Here’s how you might create an Observable:

import { Observable } from 'rxjs';

const observable = new Observable(subscriber => {'Hello');'World');

In this example, the Observable emits the strings ‘Hello’ and ‘World’, and then it completes.

Observers are simply a set of callbacks, one for each type of notification delivered by the Observable: next, error, and complete.

Here’s an example of an observer:

const observer = {
  next: x => console.log('Observer got a next value: ' + x),
  error: err => console.error('Observer got an error: ' + err),
  complete: () => console.log('Observer got a complete notification'),

Subscriptions are what tie together Observables and observers. When you subscribe an observer to an Observable, the observer’s callbacks will be invoked when the Observable emits a value, throws an error, or completes. Here’s how you might subscribe the above observer to the above Observable:


Simple Examples to Showcase the Power of Reactive Data Streams

Let’s look at a simple example that showcases the power of reactive data streams. Suppose we want to create an Observable that emits every second:

import { interval } from 'rxjs';

const observable = interval(1000);
observable.subscribe(x => console.log(x));

In this example, interval is a function that creates an Observable. This Observable emits an increasing number every second. When we subscribe to this Observable, we start to log these numbers to the console.

This is just scratching the surface of what you can do with RxJS and reactive programming. The real power comes from the ability to transform, combine, manipulate, and work with these data streams using operators.

Diving Deeper: Core Concepts of RxJS

RxJS is a powerful library that provides several core concepts for handling asynchronous data streams. Let’s dive deeper into some of these concepts.

Subjects: A Special Type of Observable

A Subject in RxJS is a special type of Observable that allows values to be multicasted to many Observers. Unlike plain Observables, Subjects maintain a registry of many listeners.

Here’s how you might create and use a Subject:

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